Machiavelli thus sets the stage for an enduring colloque among his readers

Machiavelli thus sets the stage for an enduring colloque among his readers

Is he an opportunist offering aid and comfort puro would-be tyrants? Do the moral and political goals he outlines con the final chapter of The Prince justify the actions he advocates mediante the preceding chapters? These questions seem destined esatto remain with us as long as Machiavelli’s book continues onesto occupy verso central place in modern political thought.

James Madison, “The Federalist In nessun caso

What we know of the personal character of Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) is at odds with the treachery implied durante the adjective derived from his name. Evidence suggests that Machiavelli was an upright man, verso good father, and a husband who lived sopra affectionate harmony with his wife, Marietta Corsini, who bore him six children. Throughout his life, Machiavelli was per zealous republican. He served Florence with uncompromising patriotism as an effective senior administrator and diplomat. But his solo-minded service esatto the republic of Florence ended when the army of the Holy League of Pope ily to power as benevolent despots of the city. In the resulting political purge, Machiavelli not only lost his position in the city government but, when verso conspiracy against the Medicis was uncovered con early 1513, he also was accused of complicity simply because his name was on a list taken from the conspirators. Thrown into prison and subjected sicuro the kind of torture that forced blameless men onesto confess their guilt, Machiavelli nevertheless maintained his innocence and was eventually released.

Reduced puro poverty, and with restrictions placed on his movements around the city, Machiavelli sought refuge mediante the little property, outside Florence, that he had inherited from his father. There he produced not only The Prince, which he completed between the spring and autumn of 1513, but also verso variety of political commentaries and histories and a number of well-received literary works. After the death of Pope Julius II sopra 1513, the chant of Lorenzo de’Medici (called the Magnificent) became Pope Leo Interrogativo-one of three popes the Medici family produced. It was Machiavelli’s hope that by dedicating The Prince onesto Lorenzo de’Medici, son of the most famous of all the Medicis, he would obtain an office that would return him to public life. That hope was sopra vain. Machiavelli died at the age of 58, still exiled from Florence.

I Samuel and I Kings (Old Testament); Matthew 22 (New Testament)These books mediante the Bible deal with the tensions between religious and political loyalties.

Aristotle, PoliticsIn this exploration of the ideal state, Book V, concerning the maintenance of political power, is an especially pertinent antecedent to Machiavelli.

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651)The author presents a grim vision of human beings mediante their natural state, which becomes the basis for his argument that per practically omnipotent government is necessary preciso secure per basic level of justice and elementary freedoms.

John Locke, The Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690)Chapter 14 examines the circumstances sopra which government can act sopra violation of the law or con the absence of law. Chapter 19 concerns the right of the people puro overthrow per ruler or government when either has abused his power.

10” (mediante The Federalist) (1787-88)This essay addresses the problem of factions that inevitably develop among citizens and the ways of controlling their detrimental effects without infringing on liberty.

Is he best understood as verso seeker of unity and peace, concerned onesto make his advice practical and effective?

Plato, The StatesmanOne of Plato’s major works of political philosophy, this tete-a-tete explores the nature and virtue of verso king or statesman.

Machiavelli’s view of the Italy of his day-“leaderless, lawless, crushed, despoiled, torn, overrun” (p. 83)-underwrites the advice he gives in The Prince. It also leads him esatto end his treatise with an “Exhortation onesto liberate Italy from the barbarians.” Machiavelli calls for “verso new prince…puro introduce verso new order” (p. 82) that would bring unity and stability to the often warring city-states of the Italian peninsula. Con this portion of The Prince and durante some of his other writings, Machiavelli appears more idealistic and friendly toward verso form of government that would give citizens verso say. In his Discourses, Machiavelli portrays the ideal government as a republic that allows groups with differing opinions to speak openly.

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